Biochemistry is the study of the molecular basis of all aspects of the structure and function of living things. It is the study of structure and function of cellular components such as proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids and other bio-molecules and chemical processes of living organisms. The discovery of gene and its significance in the transfer of information in the cell provided impetus to research in this field. The biochemistry of cell metabolism and the endocrine system has been extensively described. Other areas of biochemistry include the genetic code (DNA, RNA), protein synthesis, cell membrane transport, and signal transaction. Biochemistry has formed the basis for genetic modification and biotechnology.
Students having background in science at 10+2 level can initially take up B.Sc.( Biochemistry). Further one can opt for M.Sc and MD in biochemistry whose eligibility are a B.Sc. degree and an M.B.B.S degree respectively. Biochemistry is a field which requires intense research; hence aspirants for this field must have inquisitive mind-set, commitment to the profession and keen observation skills. As research in this field is often a team work, hence a biochemist must be a team player too.A biochemist should be good at science, have enquiring minds and be able to think clearly and logically , be able to work in and lead a team of professionals , have excellent communication skills , understand statistics, data analysis and computer packages.
Biochemists work in laboratories, normally in team with other scientists and technicians. Working as a biochemist involves using complex, sophisticated and sensitive equipment and procedures. Jobs are being offered by both government and private medical institutions and hospitals engaged in research activities related to various diseases and disorders like AIDS, cancer, mental disorders etc. The pharmaceutical industries where genetically engineered drugs are developed and manufactured also look forward to employing biochemists. Research related agricultural industries and institutions also absorb individuals with background in biochemistry. As a trainee, one can start with a salary of 500$-5000$. one can command a higher salary as the experiences raises, generally MNCs and private companies pay higher.