Computer has revolutionized our lives and is currently one of the fastest growing segments of our economy.Computers are used in car engines, microwave ovens,watches,telephones,mainframe computers in government and industry and supercomputers expanding the frontiers of science and technology.The computer science programs are one of the most highly-paid professions of today.Computer science (CS) spans the range from theory through programming to cutting-edge development of computing solutions.It offers a foundation to adapt to new technologies and new ideas.Computer scientists generally fall into three categories: a) Designing and building software b) Developing effective ways to solve computing problems,such as storing information in databases,sending data over networks or providing new approaches to security problems and c) Devising new and better ways of using computers and addressing particular challenges in areas such as robotics,computer vision,digital forensics etc.
Initially only certificate level programs were available but today the scenario has changed drastically. The courses in this field are available at four levels i.e. associates degree, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree and doctorate degree. Apart from this various institutions do provide certificate course in a specific Computer Science Curriculum like Microsoft MCSE, MCSD, Cisco, .net, or A+ to name a few. After completing 10+2 one can pursue B.Sc in computer science or engineering in computer science, computer engineering, software engineering, information systems, or electrical engineering. For B.E. course one needs to pass certain entrance exams. Apart from this one can opt for M.E. or M.Sc after graduation. PhD and M.B.A. level courses are also available in this sector. Many institutes also offer online degree courses in computer science. The computing course work will usually include abstract or theoretical material as well as hands-on programming exercises or engineering labs, often with state-of-the-art systems. Attending various professional seminars may also prove beneficial to upgrade oneself about the latest technology.
Career opportunities in designing software occur in a wide variety of settings including large or small software companies, large or small computer services companies, and large organizations of all kinds (industry, government, banking, healthcare, etc.). A career path in database management involves advanced graduate work, followed by a position in a research university or industrial research and development laboratory; it can involve entrepreneurial activity such as was evident during the dot-com boom of the 1990s; or it can involve a combination of the two As a practical matter, a career path in the development of new computer science theory typically requires graduate work to the Ph.D. level, followed by a position in a research university or an industrial research and development laboratory. Apart from this Many computer scientists and database administrators are employed by Internet service providers; Web search portals; and data processing, hosting, and related services firms. Others work for government, manufacturers of computer and electronic products, insurance companies, financial institutions, and universities. One who has obtained doctoral degree can go for research or teaching in this field.