Dentistry is a branch of health science dealing with the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of disorders related with oral cavity and maxillofacial area. A dentist’s treatment usually includes surgery on teeth to remove cavities, examine x rays, place protective plastic sealants on children’s teeth, straighten teeth, and repair fractured teeth. Decayed teeth can be filled with dental amalgam, dental composite, dental porcelain and precious or non-precious metals. The oral diseases are sometimes precursors and indications of systemic, neural, or other diseases. Dentists also provide guidelines for maintaining proper hygiene of mouth and preventing cavities.
Dentistry is usually a four year course (3+1) including internship. The admission procedure is same as other medical sciences. One can appear for national as well as state level entrance examinations or can opt for private colleges. Admission can be also done through management seats available. Any person scoring above 50% in H.S.C or equivalent can appear for entrance tests. One can opt for specialization after completing bachelor’s course. The fields available for post graduation are Orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, pediatric dentists, periodontists, prosthodontists, endodontists, public health dentists, oral and maxillofacial radiologists, and oral pathologists.
Dentists are usually solo practitioners. But some may work in a hospital or in association with 4-5 dentists. Dentists who want to teach or conduct research usually spend an additional 2 to 5 years in advanced dental training, in programs operated by dental schools or hospitals. Earnings depend upon the experience and location of clinic. Usually earning in private sector is higher.