The consciousness about the environmental imbalance is increasing by the day and this has made environmental science as a lucrative career. An environmental scientist is a guardian of the marine environment. Environmental science is basically the study of how fresh-water and marine-water environments are faring in the face of a swelling human population, degradation by pollution and the disturbance of natural habitats, problems with either excess or insufficient water, and threats to the sustainability of living and nonliving resources. It is a composite of both natural and social sciences. Resource management and resource technology are also significant features of environmental science. An environmental scientist’s job is to utilize the knowledge of various principles and concepts of science and engineering disciplines, in order to protect and preserve the environment as well as develop theories for abating and controlling the sources of environmental pollution.
Environmental science courses are available at various levels which can be pursued after a minimum qualification of 10+2 in science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects. After H.S.C B.Sc in environmental science can be done which is a 3 years course. Post graduate course includes M.Sc/M.Tech which requires B.S.C in environmental science, zoology, botany, physics or chemistry. It is a two year course. Advanced PhD course is also available after M.Sc. the specializations include PhD in either Environment Management or Environmental Science. The major course areas include air pollution control, industrial hygiene, radiation protection, hazardous waste management, toxic materials control, water supply, wastewater management, storm water management etc.
Waste treatment industries, refineries, distilleries, mines, fertilizer plants, food processing industries and textile mills employ environmental scientists. NGO’s are growing, both in numbers and in strength. there is greate scope in these organizations. The environmental scientist often work as a part of a team of scientists, engineers, and planners in an effort to better understand how a specific environment works so that its compatibility with changing land use can be evaluated.some with doctoral degree might be involved in teaching sector. One may work at consulting firms, helping businesses and government agencies comply with environmental policy, particularly with regard to ground-water decontamination and flood control. In NGO’s and other social organizations, the starting salary vary between 3000-5000$ per month. In private industries, the starting salaries range from 5000-7500$/month.